As a woman in mathematics, I often find it hard to find fellow women mathematicians as it is a very male dominated subject. Emmy Noether has long been one of my role models for breaking the male-shaped mould of a mathematician. However, there are other women working in the field today who fight against the still-existing stereotype, and Ingrid Daubechies is one of them.

Born in Belgium in 1954, Daubechies received her B.S degree in Physics from the Free University Brussels in 1975; most mathematicians start out in mathematics and later apply their skills in other scientific disciplines, however Daubechies is one of the few who progressed in the opposite direction. From 1975 until 1984, she held the post of Research Assistant in the Department for Theoretical Physics at the Free University Brussels. Halfway through this period she received her Ph.D. for a thesis called ‘*Representation of quantum mechanical operators by kernels on Hilbert spaces of analytic functions*‘, although by this time she had already published around ten articles.

After teaching at the Free University Brussels for 12 years, she joined AT&T Laboratories in the United States where she became the leading authority on wavelet theory. In 1987, she constructed a class of wavelets that were identically zero outside a finite interval, which are now the most common type of wavelets and led to many important applications. Daubechies believes that she is considered a mathematician due to the fact that:

“even as a physicist, my work was very theoretical, very mathematical. I became interested in applications of mathematics outside physics(especially in engineering), and that is how I am now considered a mathematician.”

In 1993 she became a full professor in the Mathematics Department and the Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics at Princeton University. In fact, she was the first woman full professor of mathematics at Princeton! In 2010 she was elected as the first woman president of the International Mathematical Union.

**Major Awards:**

- Louis Empain Prize for Physics (1984) –
*awarded every 5 years to a Belgian scientist on the work they did before age 29.* - Steele Prize for Mathematical Exposition (1994)
- Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in Mathematics (1997)
- National Academy of Sciences Award in Mathematics (2000) – p
*resented every 4 years for excellence in published mathematical research. She was awarded it for her “fundamental discoveries on wavelets and wavelet expansions and for her role in making wavelets methods a practical basic tool of applied mathematics.”* - Leroy P. Steele Prize for Seminal Contribution to Research from the American Mathematical Society (2011)
- Benjamin Franklin Medal in Electrical Engineering from the Franklin Institute(2011)
- Fellow of the American Mathematical Society (2012)

Her work on wavelets has been extremely important and has strongly influenced diverse fields of application ranging from data compression to pattern recognition.

Who’s your favourite modern mathematician? M x

Read about Lucy J. Slater.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucy_Joan_Slater

Also read this interview by IEEE:

http://ethw.org/Oral-History:Lucy_Slater

She has a heroic history. I wrote about her in a post on my blog several weeks ago:

https://aperiodicity.com/2016/01/10/gauss-slater-and-hypergeometric-series/

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I’ll check the links out, thank you!

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I don’t think mathematics is man dominated, actually most of paid positions/jobs are man dominated.

Some good mathematicians whom I have met/listened and they turn out to be women are:

(1) Sujatha Ramadorai (TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-zkNvDFNUeo)

(2) Sudesh Kaur Khanduja (INSA: http://www.insaindia.org/detail.php?id=P05-1389)

(3) Neena Gupta (solved “Zariski Cancellation Problem”, http://thelogicalindian.com/story-feed/achievers/neena-gupta-youngest-scientist-to-solve-a-70-year-old-mathematics-problem/)

(4) Geetha Venkataraman (ICM 2010, member of panel on “Pipeline report”, http://videos.icm2010.in/player.php?search=&video_id=discussion&date=&highres=&play_from_clip=1&play_to_clip=1#player)

Also, see: https://plus.maths.org/content/iplusi-international-congress-women-mathematicians

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Thank you for the links 🙂

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your hero, Cédric Villani, featured in a video (published yesterday), clearly states that “luck+tenacity” is needed to get famous. At the end, quality matters more than quantity, same is true for woman mathematicians.

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SA2bjD3tn5c

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Yes, I completely agree. For a woman to become a notable mathematician, she needs to do something extraordinary, and have a lot of luck and tenacity as you/Cedric say.

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Same is true for man mathematician! Due to large quantity of man mathematicians, quality check is also accordingly scaled up.

I believe that it is much more important to love what you do than to run for recognitions. That’s why I respect many mathematicians (for their work), but don’t have any favourite one.

Mathematics doesn’t discriminates between man/woman, since it’s all about “brain” and not physical health (which makes man and woman different).

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Yes I do agree! It’s not the mathematics community that discriminates between genders, I just feel that as children girls aren’t necessarily encouraged to follow the more science-y path. But yes, equally as hard for a male mathematician to get recognition. At the end of the day its all about what ideas you contribute, and that all comes from the brain!

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will do, thanks for all your recommendations!

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Please delete my this and above comment after downloading .pdf of the book from Libgen.io (link I provided in previous comment)

Also, if you finish reading the book, please do write a review about it 🙂

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